The case of Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala, AIR SC () 4 SCC , is a case decided by a bench of 13 judges of the Supreme Court of. Kesavananda Bharathi is the case which saved Indian democracy; thanks to Shri Kesavananda Bharati, Kesavananda Bharati V. State of Kerala (). The object of this paper is to consider certain aspects of the judgment delivered by the Supreme Court in the case of. Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala1.

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Daphtary termed the incident as “the blackest day in the history of democracy”.

The only limitation, we recognise is that in regard to certain major communal issues the decision kezavananda be by a majority of each of the two major communities.

Article is important. He laid special importance on the issue of minorities. It is possible now to state summarily what is the essential difference between the McCawley case and this case. After the unprecedented judgment of Golaknath v.

The court found the answer to the question left unanswered in Golaknath viz. While a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, nothing in Article 19 shall restrict the power of the State as defined in Part III to make any law or to take any executive action which the State would but for the provisions contained in that Part be competent to make or to take, but any law so made shall, to the extent of the incompetency, cease to have effect as soon as the Proclamation ceases to operate, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before the law so ceases to have effect.

Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala And Anr on 24 April,

He says that the Preamble is a part of the Constitution statute and not a part of the Constitution but precedes it. In each case an implication means that something not expressed is to be understood. It also added that Article merely lays down the procedure for the purpose of amendment. The main arguments relevant to the present case which were advanced in support of the petition before this Court were summarised by Patanjali Sastri, J.


There are certain principles within the framework of Indian Constitution which are kesavanandx and hence cannot be amended by the Parliament. As to what are these basic features, the debate still continues. This Commission krala make its recommendations to the Constitutionmaking body and will also suggest at which stage or stages in the Constitution these provisions should bharatk inserted, that is whether in the Union, Group or Provincial Constitutions or in any two or more of them.

Para 7 of Part D, Fifth Schedule, which deals with amendment of the schedule, reads:. Per Kesavananxa Wright-James v. Some acts, saved by this provision did not provide for payment of full compensation e. I may mention that Mr.

In the Constitution the word “amendment” or “amend” has been used in various places to mean different keralla. No State can therefore be formed, admitted or set up by law under Article 4 by the Parliament which has no effective legislative, executive and judicial organs. In the original Article 2in conferring power on the President to make regulations for the peace and good government of the territories in part D of the First Schedule, it is stated that “any regulation so made may repeal or amend any law made by Parliament.

Let me now proceed to interpret Article Retrieved from ” https: The Kesavananda judgment also defined the extent to which Parliament could restrict property rightsin pursuit of land reform and the redistribution of large landholdings to cultivators, overruling previous decisions that suggested that the right to property could not be restricted.

Another article which has been included in the proviso to Article is Article 73 which deals with the extent of executive powers of the Union.

The Supreme Court on appeal declared the conviction and orders made against him null and inoperative on the ground that the persons composing the Tribunal were not validly appointed to the Tribunal.

The same is true about the proceedings in the Constituent Assembly. In Article 5″all regulations made under the proviso to Clause 3 ” can be modified “whether by way of repeal or amendment” as both Houses of Parliament or the House or both Houses of the Legislature of the States may make during the session in which they are so laid.


Article 32 4 further provides that “the right guaranteed by this article shall not be suspended except as otherwise provided for by this Constitution. Before proceeding with the main task, it is necessary to ask: In other words, the expression “Amendment of this Constitution” does not include a revision of the whole Constitution.

Articles 41 deals with the right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases. We think that the rights described as fundamental rights are a necessary consequence of the declaration in the preamble that the people of India have solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens justice, social, economic and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and of opportunity.

Appellate Assistant Commissioner A.

Kesavananda Bharati Vs. State of Kerala

It is only when it conveys a clear and definite meaning in comparison with relatively obscure or indefinite enacting words that the preamble may legitimately prevail.

According to the learned Judge, the provisions of Article 31d, as they henconferring power on Parliament and the State Legislatures to enact laws for giving effect to the principles specified in Clauses b and c of Article 39, altogether vv.state the right given by Article 14 and were for that reason unconstitutional. H R Khanna has given in his judgment that the Parliament had full power to amend the Constitution, however, since it is only a “power to amend”, the basic structure or framework of the structure should remain intact.