Even this was very far from entirely driving out the old system. The système usuel, now abolished, was as follows, the divisions being those of the old system. de L’Isle () and the anonymous “Métrologies Constitutionelles et Primitives’. Even this was very far from entirely driving out the old system. 10d. the answer. he système usuel, now abolished, was as follows, the divisions being de L’Isle () and the anonymous “Métrologies Constitutionelles et Primitives’ (). Even this was very far from entirely driving out the old system. The système usuel, now abolished, was as follows, the divisions being those of the old system. ‘Asétrologies Constitutionelles et Primitives’ (), it may be observed that they.

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Hemp is smoked mixed with tobacco in the form of cigars.

UNODC – Bulletin on Narcotics – Issue 1 –

Several special studies of it have been made; as regards Turkey by Dr. Generally corresponding usulles the phase of mental excitement accompanied with motor excitation.

But the former certainly contain a much higher proportion of persons consuming preparations made from cannabis dawamesk, garaouich, majun, etc. Contraband in hemp and hashish chira, charas is less paying and more difficult than illicit traffic in chemical drugs. At primigives stage of intoxication, usuellss, the senses, particularly sight and hearing, are extremely acute; but the perceptions are all distorted, and the distortions are constantly varying and altering.

In Some cases, visual or auditory illusions predominate, in others painful hallucinations or cerebral erotic dreams, or, eet, fits of poignant melancholia. Since hemp resin has no medical or industrial value and since resin-producing hemp plants give few seeds and only provide textile fibre of a poor quality, it should be very simple to reach an agreement forbidding hemp growing outright in districts where its resin production is high.

Chopra [ 66 ] give as the principal causes of the habit of consuming cannabis: Insales amounted to 1, packets.

fonctions usuelles pdf files – PDF Files

In French North Africa, the Indian product was extremely rare; chira came mainly from Greece, though some consignments arrived from Istanbul. Chopra [ 66 ] and [ 67 ]. Frequently, they no longer trouble to prepare food, but beg at the doors of barracks or charitable institutions popular soup kitchens, etc.


Similar facts have been observed in Jamaica, where the practice of smoking hemp, introduced by immigrant Hindus, has spread among the population and has been the underlying cause of a large number of cases of assault and even murders. See document O.

If heroin remains scarce and its price is prohibitive for most of them, they will try to get opium rather than hashish. An attempt may now be made to describe the type of men more particularly attracted by the mirages of these artificial paradises, and the motives which drive them to seek joy and happiness in this drug.

If they are married, if they have children, they soon become incapable of providing for their families, and abandon them without a qualm to the direst poverty. The tired brain no longer seems to have the strength to follow the memory and the imagination in their wanderings.

Those in whom addiction has not yet reached an advanced stage are observed to have a pronounced taste for flowers, perfumes, sweets and singing birds-in fact, feminine usuellds, which accord fairly well with their temperament of inverts. It is easy to imagine that nights thus passed do not predispose to work on the morrow. At this stage the most usual objects appear strange, new, and extremely amusing.

As imagination and the memory, that is, the evocative faculties, are in a condition of acute sensibility under the usyelles of hemp, memories of dangers, losses of friends and sad thoughts, are at once connected with sad tunes, and happy and joyful thoughts with lively tunes.

Drastic usurlles to put an end to this state of affairs has been taken in Egypt and in Tunisia. They have no feelings left except to be sorry for themselves and invariably throw the blame on others.

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Nevertheless large quantities of hashish of Syrio-Lebanese origin were seized in Egypt inand At present the number of persons interned for hashish addiction in Tunisia is very small one, in These figures are impressive and give cause for anxiety. The extreme suggestibility of the hashish addict is useful, however, in certain cases such as those of experimental intoxication.

In31 kilogrammes grammes of hashish were seized on these small sailing boats, and 23 kilogrammes grammes on steamers. Nor is this all.


Life seems easy, pleasant and devoid of material cares. Suppression of the trade is therefore very difficult. It is well aware that hemp cultivated in certain areas of Northern Africa yields a product which is of value to smokers. Though these studies are conscientious and fairly comprehensive, they are open to criticism in various respects: Weakening of the power of control.

It cannot therefore be said that cannabis addiction has an influence on criminality in the Moslem world at the present time; in North Africa nowadays there are perhaps more brawls, acts of violence, blows and wounds attributable to alcoholic liquor than to cannabis. According to the annual reports of the Central Narcotics Intelligence Bureau of Cairo, most of the traffickers arrested since were independent individuals acting on their own for profit, or small groups belonging to the type of underworld adventurer class to whom regular work is repugnant and who hope to reap a sufficient profit by introducing and reselling hashish in Egypt, to keep them in primittives until the next opportunity of attempting a coup occurs.

How many years are needed to transform a normal being into a wreck of this kind? In League of Nations document O.

Cannabis (concluded)

It must be remembered that these are tradition- and routine-bound populations, and that the mental outlook of at least 80 per cent of them is five or six centuries behind that of Europeans. The leaders of the important gangs of traffickers and the directors of the clandestine organizations make money out of the trade but do not take the drugs themselves. Yet hashish is the oldest known drug in Turkey.

The hashish prepared in Upper Egypt sometimes reaches Lower Egypt, passing through the hands of many dealers, themselves often drug addicts.

The symptoms also differ according to the subjects’ education and social level. Matters are otherwise in the United States, where it appears that marihuana growing in a number of states has already primitkves rise to a considerable trade.

The exact notion of persons and neighbouring objects is also lost.