Title, Democracia y totalitarismo. Volume of Biblioteca Breve · Biblioteca Breve. Ciencias Humanas · Biblioteca breve (Seix Barral).: Ciencias humanas. Democracia y totalitarismo. Front Cover. Raymond Aron. Seix Barral, – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Democracia y totalitarismo. Democracia y totalitarismo by Raymond Aron; 1 edition; First published in

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Review by Antonio R.

It is always worthy wondering if the authors raised to the category of classics are men of their time who could be considered old-fashioned nowadays. As opposed to Nazism and Fascism, which never conceal their hate towards liberal democracy, communist used to make a clear commitment to democracy, even though they never applied it.

Democracia y totalitarismo – Raymond Aron – Google Books

In short, democracy can disappoint, but alternatives are much worse. It was still a fiction because, for them, only the single political party represented the proletariat. As Aron suggested, change will come from a split in the privilege minority owning the power. We will be told that the world has changed and each time it changes more, that there are few certainties and that the thinkers of the rqymond, although this one is recent, are not of great utility.

Tktalitarismo which point could it evolve after the de-Stalinization driven by Khrushchev? Raymond Aron studies as well the monopolistic political regimes, particularly the Soviet Union. One of his most interesting observations totalitarisko the presence of contrast between the soviet reality and the constitutional fictions. When revolutionary movements take power, one oligarchy usually replaces other.

Democracia y totalitarismo

On the contrary, he knew how to use his seduction abilities until the point of becoming a dictator like the ones of the Roman Republic, a man lauded by citizens who looked for a savior of France that could put an end to the discredit of the parliamentary republic institutions that existed up to then. On another level, the author underlines the contrast between communist determinism and the role played by the democrracia of the leaders.


Here, fanaticism is not incompatible with some scepticism. These are very capable, as Lenin and Stalin showed, of sacrificing doctrine for the relevant action.

The book conclusion is the imperfection of both regimes, democracies and totalitarianism, but it is necessary to distinguish between a regime essentially imperfect and other one evidently imperfect. Aron also emphasizes the weaknesses of democracies in the foreign policy domain, due to its tendency to question plain facts and their doubts when assuming risks.

In this regard we could reflect on eemocracia Montesquieu quote, transcribed by Aron, who affirms that whenever we see everybody tranquil in a state that calls itself a republic, we can be sure that liberty does not exist there. Soviets had several constitutions that on paper meant a plural regime.

The totaliitarismo reviews presidential and parliamentary democracies and compares the European and American political systems.

During his life, he wrote outstanding economic analysis, but this was not incompatible with his affirmation that it is not always easy to know what economic powers want, although he underlines that it is very simple to affirm that it is a unitary force.

Once again, the unconditional unanimities.

Democracy and totalitarianism includes the nineteen lectures Aron taught at the Sorbonne University inwhen France was immersed in the Algerian war and the General De Gaulle was about to take power to establish the presidential rule of the French Fifth Republic. In any case, politics are more important to Aron than economics, and this will be one of its various objections totalitarusmo Marxism, the dominant creed among French intellectuals from the second half of the 20th century.


Ideology has become a mean to an end. In this way, as Aron correctly remarks, the Fifth Republic really became the Third Empire, of course a parliamentary and plebiscitary Empire.

All are imperfect, but paraphrasing Orwell, we could say some are more imperfect than others. The monopoly is justified since the political party is the only authentic representation, because its objective is the construction of a new and more fair society.

Rubio Plo Democracy and totalitarianism.

Democracia y totalitarismo, de Raymond Aron

De Gaulle did not need to use sedition to bury the Forth Republic. There was no need to wait for an uprising of the governed. Aron knew perfectly the man who was going to govern France. On the other side, Aron does not believe in the usual conspiracy theories, even less in those saying economic powers make use of political puppets, as usual common place.

This is not the case of Raymond Aron, the French political analyst and sociologist who some would want to circumscribe its relevance to the totakitarismo period and the Cold War.

Otherwise, which political regime would be free of not being identified as an oligarchy? In reaction to the accusations claiming that parties only represent some particular oligarchies, Aron believes them to be necessary for the existence of political pluralism.