To convert from a Java Applet to an application: Delete import *;. applet code=”” width= height=>. To building the applet code two classes of java library are essential namely Applet and Graphics. The Applet class is contained in package provides. An Applet is the special type of Java program that is run on web browser. The Applet class provides the standard interface between applet and browser.

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It is used to initialize the applet each time it is reloaded. Initially, the applet will display “initializing the applet. Width and height are also required to specify the initial size of the panel in which an applet runs. The viewer or browser looks for the compiled Java code at the location of the document. Files that are located in the local computer cannot be read or write by the applets.

Applet must have a no argument constructor otherwise it cannot be loaded. How Applets Differ from Applications There are significant differences between applets and stand alone java applications.

The Applet class therefore maintains the life cycle of an applet. When to use applets. HTML files should be stored in the same directory as the compiled code of the applets. Jafa are quite secure because of their access of resources. An applet can be a fully functional Java application because it has the entire Java API at its disposal.


You need to implement these methods to make this applet work. It specifies the Applet class to run. An applet program runs through applet viewer. So, it ht user leaves a web page and come back, the applet resumes execution at start. Applets cannot run any program from the local computer.

Java – Applet Basics

Your application will be displayed inside the browser. Applet should not enter a “mode” of operation in which it maintains control for an extended period. It also specifies the display area for the applet output as pixels width and pixels height. This skeleton does not do anything.

Applef paint method is used for displaying anything on the protraming paint method takes an argument, an instance of class graphics. Applets are not full featured application programs.

Java Applet Programming

To display an image within the applet, you use the drawImage method found in the java. An applet cannot access the client-side resources. The paint method is actually inherited from prograjing java. For example, when the user clicks a mouse inside the applet’s window, a mouse-clicked event is generated.

Programming with Applets and Frames

The browser ignores text and other tags between the applet tags. To write any applet, we will need to know: A web page is basically made up of text and HTML tags that can be interpreted by a web browser or an applet viewer.


It cannot work with native methods of system. The user initiates interaction with an applet. The JVM on the user’s machine creates an instance of the applet class and invokes various methods during the applet’s lifetime. The size of applets is small, making it easier to transfer over network. It is easy to convert a graphical Java application that is, an application that uses the AWT and that you can start with the Java program launcher into an applet that you can embed in a web page.

They are designed for use on the Internet, they impose certain limitations and restrictions in their design.

The general format of applet code is as following import java. Applets are run from inside a web page using a special feature known as HTML tag.

The applet viewer will encounter the applet tage within the comment and execute your applet. Buliding Applet Code To building the applet code two classes of java library are essential namely Applet and Graphics.

Initialization can be done through init. Otherwise, the applet cannot be loaded.